One of Peter Ruckman's views which is often rejected except by the most loyal of his followers is his teaching on "double inspiration." The historic and biblical view is that inspiration took place once (over a period of time, as each canonical book was written), never to be repeated again once the canon was closed. Therefore the term "double inspiration" has the tendency to raise a red flag for many people, for good reason. Our experience is that many who otherwise tend to agree with Ruckman on Bible translations shy away from this controversial term.
We have presented the title to this article as a question because some questions remain about Ruckman's position on the double inspiration of the KJV. If you disagree or if you have another explanation for Ruckman's views on double inspiration, we welcome your respectful comments. We will start off with what is known and can be documented about his position.
We will allow Ruckman to explain his concept of double inspiration in his own words. The following summarizes his teaching on this matter in a concise manner:
What blank, freshman fool didn’t know that there are more than 150 quotations from the Hebrew Old Testament that pop up as a translation (the Greek New Testament) in every copy of the New Testament ever printed? The first time they were “inspired” was in the Hebrew language, and the next time (“double!”) they were inspired again in the New Testament “original autographs”! They were inspired in a different language, and many times the translations did NOT match “the original Hebrew” or the “original Old Testament manuscript” or “the Hebrew text.” ([No author listed, but bears Ruckman’s unmistakable style] Bible Believers' Bulletin. Jan. 2008, p. 9)
Briefly, what Ruckman teaches is that since the Greek New Testament portions that originally come from the Hebrew Old Testament are inspired, we have a precedent for "double inspiration." If the term "double inspiration" was used in that restricted sense alone, most Christians probably wouldn't have a problem with the term. However, Ruckman uses this "double inspiration" argument as a springboard in an attempt to prove his view that human Bible translations can be inspired. The problem is that he applies select translation work done uniquely by the Holy Spirit moving the writers (Hebrew to Greek of select portions) to human translation (Bible versions). He tries to blur or overlook the distinction as if there were no difference between the Holy Spirit translating select Old Testament portions through the Biblical writers compared to human beings translating the whole Bible. Ruckman also points out that when Hebrew portions appear in the Greek New Testament they are not always translated literally. Sometimes words are added or left out. He uses this to go a step further in pointing out that the KJV would not have to match the originals for it to be inspired. He therefore strongly teaches or at least strongly implies that a legitimate case of double inspiration has occurred with the KJV. Here is another quote from Ruckman's perspective:
Third lie: “No translation can be inspired.” The liar has just denied more than 100 verses in the New Testament in any set of Greek manuscripts, from any “family,” in any time, by anybody, any place, anywhere. There are more than 100 quotations of the Old Testament in the New Testament, which were originally written in Hebrew and then TRANSLATED into Greek. If you say “no translation could be inspired,” you’ve thrown more than 100 verses out of the New Testament in all the manuscripts, including the “original manuscripts.” The “original manuscripts” of the New Testament were written in Greek, and their Old Testament quotations were TRANSLATIONS of the Hebrew. (Ruckman, Peter. "The Sound Mind." Bible Believers' Bulletin, May 2008, p. 14)
When the statement "no translation can be inspired" is made in theological discussions, in virtually every case it would be in the context of translations that were done since the Bible was written. So for Ruckman to accuse the person making the statement of being a liar is part of his unethical tactics. What Ruckman is doing is as unreasonable as accusing a person of being a liar for referring to an aircraft "black box" by its common name, even though in recent decades the color has changed to yellow or orange.
It is likely that Ruckman came up with his double inspiration argument sometime after 1972, as it is not mentioned in his books The Bible Babel, (1964) The Christian’s Handbook of Manuscript Evidence, (1970) nor Satan's Masterpiece: The New ASV (1972). Up till the early 1970's, Ruckman said very little along the lines of the KJV being "given by inspiration of God" or inspired. This changed drastically with his double inspiration argument coupled with his new twist on interpreting 2 Tim. 3:16 later in the decade (See Ruckman's self-serving interpretation for 2 Timothy 3:16).
Ruckman's endorsement of a book teaching that the KJV was the third inspiration
One of the glowing endorsements in Ruckman's Bible Believers' Bulletin for a book by the title The New Athenians does not list an author for the endorser, but it is written in Ruckman's characteristic style (Sep. 1992, p. 3). However, there is another promotion for the book in the March 2008 issue which clearly lists Ruckman as the author of the endorsement. The book in question, written by James Son, is sold by Bible Baptist Bookstore as product KJ-1740. It stated the following about "triple inspiration:"
I believe that the Authorized Version is the inspired, infallible, inerrant, immutable, pure word of God to English speaking people. (I not only believe in DOUBLE inspiration [which the NEW Athenians reject], but, also, I believe in TRIPLE INSPIRATION. I believe that God not only inspired the writers in the original languages, but also the New Testament writers when they TRANSLATED the Hebrew passages into the Greek, and the translators of the Authorized Version as they made their selection of English words.) (Son, James H. The New Athenians. Lubbock, TX: Praise Publishing, 1992, p. 25)
Ruckman declares that "the infallible Elizabethean English" is doubly inspired
Ah, the unsearchable riches of the infallible Elizabethean English! How profound are its revelations, and its “double-inspiration” past finding out! (No author listed, but it bared Ruckman's unmistakable style. Bible Believers' Bulletin, June 2006, p. 19)
Ruckman’s double inspiration is not so much a teaching as an argument. The teaching is that the KJV is inspired, and the double inspiration argument is only brought up in an attempt to refute the historical view that “a translation cannot be inspired.” He surfaces with this little-thought-of issue in order to confuse and catch people off guard who have not given much thought about the originals containing portions that are inspired but had been translated.
The problem with Ruckman's argument is that he seems to want you to think that when a human being translates a Bible of which he approves, it is just as inspired as if the Holy Spirit had translated it. However, when a man translates a given word in the Bible, it is not God breathing out his word in the new language as when the Holy Spirit inspired Biblical writers. There are some God-breathed words in Greek and Hebrew that a human may not be able to translate precisely without losing some of the nuances and implications of the original language. There is also the possibility of a man translating the wrong meaning when a given Greek or Hebrew word has many possible meanings. What the Holy Spirit can do flawlessly cannot be compared to what a human can do with all his limitations.
While reading Ruckman’s books we do not recall a case in which Ruckman stated something to the effect that the KJV was an extra inspiration, but he strongly implies such by applying the double inspiration argument to those who say the KJV cannot be inspired. Adding to the complexity in the analysis of Ruckman's views is that he at times denies what he seems to affirm about double inspiration of a translation: "We cannot claim direct inspiration in the original Biblical sense for the King James text…" (Ruckman, Peter. Theological Studies. Booklet 15, 1988, p. 15). This seems contradicted by the following, which implies a second inspiration occurred with the KJV: "The Holy Spirit has thrust Himself into the AV committee of 1611 and said, 'WRITE…!'" (Ruckman, Peter. The Book of Acts. 1974, 1984, p. 356).
There are many good people who claim not to hold to Ruckman's double inspiration but teach that the KJV is inspired. My question for them is: If they do not wish to identify with Peter Ruckman, and if they do not believe that God breathed out the words of the KJV, why even state that the KJV is inspired to begin with? Why make such statements that are susceptible to misunderstanding? We believe that if they insist on using such terminology, they should explain in detail why their conclusions coincide with Ruckman's (that the KJV is inspired) if they disagree with Ruckman's double inspiration view.
When God breathes out words, they are inspired, regardless of whether those words in Greek match Hebrew Old Testament quotes or not. They are inspired because God himself breathed out the words in both languages. However, when human translators translate, the divine act of the Holy Spirit breathing out words does not take place. No double or secondary inspiration takes place when human translators do their work because they are not being inspired in the process as were the Biblical writers.